What is the CBD?

Convention on Biological Diversity

Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has its origin in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as Earth Summit (Rio de Janeiro, 1992). In this framework they were also adopted the Framework Convention of the United Nations on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), known as “Rio conventions”.
The CBD is the most important global instrument to promote the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable distribution of its benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources. The agreement entered into force in December 1993 and currently has 196 parties. Mexico signed the agreement on June 13, 1992 and ratified on March 11th, 1993.
CBD, integración a la biodiversidad

Currently, the Convention has two protocols that support its implementation:

Protocolo de Cartagena
Cartagena Protocol On Biotechnology safety (in force since 2003).
Xochimilco, Ciudad de México
Nagoya Protocol On Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (in force since 2014).
Additionally, it has the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Protocol on Responsibility and Compensation supplementary to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety that will enter into force shortly.

Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity 2011-2020

In 2010, during the COP 10 held in Nagoya Japan, the countries party adopted the Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity 2011-2020 including the Aichi goals for Biological Diversity.
The Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity 2011-2020 is a 10 years action program aimed at saving biodiversity and increase its social benefits. This plan provides a general framework on Biological Diversity not only for agreements related to it, but for the entire United Nations system and all those partners committed to Biological Diversity management and public policies’ development.

The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 includes a shared vision, mission, strategic goals and 20 aspirations known as the Aichi goals. Flexibly, the plan encourages national and regional objectives while promoting the implementation of the three objectives of the CBD

A. Underlying causes

1. Public Awareness

2. Assessment

3. Incentives

4. Production and sustainable consumption

B. Direct Pressures

5. Loss of habitat

6. Sustainable management of fish and invertebrates

7. Sustainable Primary sector

8. Pollution is brought to ecologically safe limits

9. Invasive species

10. Pressures on vulnerable ecosystems

C. Conservation

11. Protected areas

12. Threatened Species

13. Genetic diversity

D. Benefits

14. Restoration

15. Resiliency

16. Nagoya Protocol

E. Application

17. Update ENBM

18. Traditional knowledge

19. Knowledge, Science and Technology

20. Financing

The CBD, along with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), is one of the three “Rio Conventions”.