The Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and fair and equitable participation of benefits arising from their use, is an international agreement approved in 2010. It entered into force in October 2014 and currently has 69 countries party. Mexico signed the Protocol on February 24th, 2011 and ratified it on May 16th, 2012 being the 5th country to ratify the treaty and the first of the mega-diverse countries.
The Conference of the Parties that works as the Meeting of the Parties for the Nagoya Protocol (COP-MOP) is the most important instance for the decision-making concerning the Protocol.
The first meeting was held last year, shortly after entering into force. The second meeting will be held from 4 to 17 December 2016 under the COP 13 of CBD.