Mainstreaming Biodiversity

El CDB es el instrumento global más importante para promover la conservación de la biodiversidad
Under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the theme of Mainstreaming Biodiversity is supported by Article 6, subsection b, which states that each party “integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in plans, programs and sectoral and intersectoral policies “; as well as in Article 10, subsection a, it calls on the parties to “integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources into national decision-making.”
The theme is also incorporated into the Strategic Plan for Biological Diversity 2011-2020 specifically within the objective A, which focuses on transversal policies, including development and planning processes, economic policies and sustainable consumption and production. Within the objective B is relevant to the Mainstreaming Biodiversity in sectors such as agriculture, forestry and fisheries..
Mexico, as host country of COP13, has proposed to include as a central theme of the meeting the integration of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity into sectoral and cross-sectoral plans with emphasis on agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism sectors.
Contribuir al desarrollo sustentable de las actividades productivas.
This integration implies that biodiversity must be considered part of the functioning of the productive sectors, which seek to reduce, avoid and mitigate negative impacts , and generate positive effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services. In this way it contributes to sustainable development and the provision of essential services for human well-being is assured. The Mainstreaming Biodiversity is the key to meeting the objectives of the Convention element, the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and the Aichi goals.
Biological Diversity that is valued, conserved, restored and used rationally contributes to human welfare and reduces poverty. Globally also adds to the overall objectives of sustainable development and Agenda 2030.


The sectors that Mexico retakes to integrate biodiversity includes agriculture, forestry and fisheries as productive areas whose input is biodiversity. It also includes tourism sector that associates the landscape, the cultural, culinary and natural diversity as the main element of their services.

Agricultural sector

Promote awareness, use and sustainable use of agricultural ecosystems; improve its productivity and diversification; integrate positive incentives for biodiversity in field production and reduce agricultural pollution.

Fishing Sector

Reduce fisheries overexploitation, improving fishing methods and fishing arts to be selective and to avoid bycatch. Strengthen sustainable fisheries, promote public policies to generate value chains and maintain a balance between economic benefits and conservation of biodiversity.

Forest Sector

Promote the importance of forests as reservoirs of biodiversity and ecosystem suppliers of goods and services, among which are: mitigation and adaptation to climate change, reducing desertification, land degradation and natural disasters. Promote adequate and diversified forest management practices including incentives for conservation and sustainable use. Avoid unregulated and unsustainable use of forests.

Tourism Sector

Implement sustainable tourism practices, promote tourism as a funding strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Promote public awareness.